The QFC Regulatory Authority has a statutory objective to minimise the extent to which firms can be used in connection with any type of financial crime. In keeping with its anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) objectives, the QFC Regulatory Authority maintains a dedicated unit for this purpose. The unit monitors risks arising from financial crime, sets the agenda for enhanced AML/CFT supervision of firms and continues the process of effective implementation of the AML/CFT requirements.
On 11 September 2019, the State of Qatar announced the adoption of Law No. (20) of 2019 on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT Law), which amends and replaces Qatar’s existing law (Law No. (4) of 2010 on Combating Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Law). Further AML/CFT legislation was announced on 26 December 2019 through the adoption of the Implementing Regulations to the new AML/CFT Law, as well as the adoption of Law No. (27) of 2019 Promulgating the Law on Combating Terrorism (CT Law).
The AML/CFT Law No. (20) of 2019 defines money laundering offences, assigns duties and obligations to financial institutions and DNFBPs and established the National Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Committee (NAMLC). The law is based on the standards issued by the international AML/CFT policy-making body, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).
The Regulatory Authority has issued two Rulebooks that regulate AML/CFT within the QFC. The Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism Rules 2019 and the Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (General Insurance) Rules 2019 are collectively referred to as the “AML/CFT Rules”. These rules apply to all authorised firms and DNFBPs, including financial services firms and other professional services firms such as lawyers, auditors, accountants and trust service providers.
Note: The English translations of Law No. (20) of 2019, the Implementing Regulations of Law No. (20) of 2019, Law No. (27) of 2019 Promulgating the Law on Combating Terrorism, and Implementing Regulations of 2020 (Targeted Financial Sanctions)are unofficial translations of the official laws, which are in Arabic.